Travel to Bhutan, the last remaining great Himalaya Kingdom. Bhutan boasts magnificent mountain scenery, incredible architecture and a colourful cultural heritage. A diverse, natural Shangri-La, the country offers a staggering variety of landscapes, as well as an incredible array of fauna and flora. Set within one of the world’s most breathtaking mountain chains, Bhutan is famed for its high mountain peaks and range of trekking opportunities.
Bhutan is a mountainous country except for a patch of flat stripe in the southern foothills. The kingdom of Bhutan lies hidden in the folds of the eastern Himalayas between the two giant countries of China (Tibet) to the north and the Indian territories of Assam and West Bengal to the south, Arunachal Pradesh to the east and Sikkim to the west. The country was first unified in 17th century by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel. After arriving in Bhutan from Tibet he consolidated his power, defeated three Tibetan invasions and established a comprehensive system of law and governance. His system of rule eroded after his death and the country fell into in-fighting and civil war between the various local rulers. This continued until the Trongsa Penlop Sir Ugyen Wangchuck was able to gain control and with the support of the people establish himself as Bhutan’s first hereditary King in 1907. His Majesty Ugyen Wangchuck became the first Druk Gyalpo (Dragon King) and set up the Wangchuck Dynasty that still rules today. Bhutan at present is estimated to have approximately 7, 87,841 population. Bhutan is a small Himalayan kingdom reigned peacefully under the great and the farsighted kings. Exploring Bhutan, you imagine yourself catapulted hundreds of years back. This is enhanced by its’ people, Bhutan mother and child hardly influenced by Western mass consumption and lifestyle. Instead they still wear their self woven traditional outfits, leading a calm, simple and peaceful life. However, younger generation makes themselves comfortable with the western outfits. The first records of people settling in Bhutan dates back to 1400 years ago. It is very well possible though that Bhutan was already inhabited by scattered clusters of tribes. The Drukpa are Bhutan’s indigenous population. They can be divided into three main ethnic groups: the Sharchops, Ngalops and Lhotsampas.The Bhutan’s population is, in many ways, one large family as a whole. Bhutan is very unique in its own way. But the fact is Bhutanese have preserved its identity and have made themselves proud. On the other hand government of Bhutan has left no stone unturned to seek ways to protect the century old gift of our ancestors. Bhutan culture is aligned parallel to its tradition and it works perfectly together. The Last Shangri-La is a word often used to describe Bhutan’s beauty by the travelers who visited the land. Despite its small size and location situated far away from the western world. Bhutan is still considered an exclusive destination for travelers around the globe. The land is perfectly situated and weather is tuned moderately making it one of the finest places to spend holidays.